Natural Sciences & Technology

Mrs Arlene Kagan
Mrs Arlene Kagan - Grade 4A

Let us sacrifice our today so that our children can have a better tomorrow.

A. P. J. Abdul Kalam

Mrs Z. Patel
Ms Zaakira Patel - Grade 4B

Education promotes equality and lifts people out of poverty. It teaches children how to become good citizens. Education is not just for a privileged few, it is for everyone. It is a fundamental human right. Ban Ki-moon

Sunday, May 15, 2016 - 19:37

In Natural Sciences & Technology, Grade 4 learners investigate how materials and matter can change from one form to another. For example,from Solid to a liquid to a gas. The materials around us are at room temperature. When we describe a material as being a solid, liquid or gas, we are usually describing them at room temperature. We can change a material into its other states by heating it up or cooling it down.

For example, water is a liquid at room temperature. 
If we cool it down, it changes into a solid – ice.
f we heat it up, it changes into a gas – steam.

A particular material changes from being a solid to a liquid at a fixed temperature. This is its melting point.

Ice melts to form water at 0 °C. So its melting point is 0 °C.

We can easily reverse this process. If we cool water below 0 °C, it freezes to form ice. So we also call this temperature the freezing point of water.

The melting point and freezing point for any material are the same.

Learners are being assisted by a student Teacher from Wits (Ms Nompumelelo Malinga)